What Causes a Gummy Smile and How Can You Fix It?

What Causes a Gummy Smile and How Can You Fix It?

A person’s smile is frequently regarded as one of their most alluring facial traits. However, if they have what is referred to as a “gummy smile,” some people could feel self-conscious about their smiles. When someone smiles, their gums protrude excessively, giving the impression that their teeth are shorter. Fortunately, there are numerous procedures that can correct gummy smiles and provide people the ability to smile with greater assurance. This article will examine the reasons of a gummy smile and go through the various viable remedies.

Causes of a Gummy Smile

  • Excessive Gum Tissue: A gummy smile can occasionally be brought on by an overabundance of gum tissue that covers the teeth. Genetics may be to blame for this, as some people have naturally more gum tissue than others. Additionally, several medical problems or the usage of specific medications may contribute to it.
  • Hyperactive Upper Lip: The amount of gum tissue that is visible when smiling depends on how the top lip moves. When the upper lip is overactive, it raises excessively over the teeth, exposing more gum tissue.
  • Vertical Maxillary Excess: Vertical maxillary excess is the medical term for an overgrowth of the upper jaw bone that lowers the gums relative to normal. This might cause a gummy smile.
  • Shorter Teeth: In some cases, the length of the teeth itself can make a grin look gummy. When smiling, more gum tissue will be seen if the teeth are shorter than typical.

Treatment Options for a Gummy Smile

  • Gingivectomy: During a gingivectomy, extra gum tissue is surgically removed to reveal more of the tooth surface. This can assist create a more proportional smile by restoring the harmony between the teeth and gums.
  • Lip repositioning: This operation moves the upper lip into a more discreet position so that less gum tissue is seen when you smile. The upper lip is moved to a lower position after a little incision is made on the inside of the lip.
  • Orthodontic Treatment: In some circumstances, orthodontic treatment—like braces or clear aligners—may be advised to address the underlying alignment problems that contribute to a gummy grin. The gum display can be lessened by appropriately aligning the teeth and jaws.
  • Botox injections: By temporarily weakening the muscles that lift the top lip, botox injections can limit its mobility and reduce gum exposure. For some people, this non-surgical therapy option offers a speedy and largely painless resolution.
  • Crown Lengthening: Crown lengthening is a surgical technique that exposes more of the tooth anatomy by removing gum and bone tissue. When the teeth themselves seem shorter than usual, this can be a good treatment choice.

Consultation with a Dental Professional

Consult with a dentist who specializes in periodontics or cosmetic dentistry if you feel self-conscious about your gummy grin. Based on the root reason of your gummy smile, they will assess your unique condition and advise the best course of action.

Keep in mind that every person’s circumstance is different, and different treatment options may be necessary. A dentist will offer you individualized advice and design a treatment strategy that best suits your requirements.


Self-confidence can be impacted by a gummy grin, although it is a treatable problem. There are several ways to address a gummy smile, regardless of the underlying cause—excess gum tissue, an overly active upper lip, or other elements. Individuals can improve their overall look and self-esteem by working with a dental expert to determine the best course of action for their unique situation.