Dental Implant Applications
Dental implants are artificial roots -in mostly titanium or ceramic- placed in the jawbone of the patients who have missing tooth or teeth.
These artificial roots’ aim is to form teeth on them. In some cases when there is no tooth in the mouth, implants can be used as a support for the patients to use their dentures more easily.
If there is no serious infection, implants are placed in the place of an recently extracted tooth or, in the place of the missing teeth.
The aim of the dental implant treatment is to make usable teeth on it. The treatment has no aesthetical complication.
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Advantages of Dental Implants
There is no need to cut the teeth in order to create a tooth or to make dental bridges.
Dental veneers, bridges and dentures are all required to be renewed commonly in 5 or 8 years. By having implants, patients are freed from paying for such renewals.
Patiens have original teeth without having permanent harm on the teeth, gingiva or jawbone.
Compared to the bridges, implants have porcelain root and top and this helps implants in chewing function as if they were real teeth.
Older patients ,who has lost all of their teeth, have difficulty in using their dentures. Their excessively melted gingiva makes it harder to use dentures. In these cases, dentures are supported by the implants which are replaced in the jawbones suitably. In this way they are used more easily. In their social life, these patients can comfortably eat, drink and talk owing to the stable dentures they have. Moreover, these stable dentures affect the patients’ psychological state positively.
The density, height and thickness of the bone in the potential implant area are important. These all affect the success of the implant application directly.
When there is not enough bone, it is necessary to form bone by using different techniques –by bone grafting.
Is it possible for the implants not to be compatible with the body?
No it is not. There is no side effect or allergic response known in human body but some patients might not be suitable for dental implant applications.
- Risky Situations
- Diabetes or chronic cardiac vascular diseases which affect the healing process
- Young patients who hasn’t completed their bone development
- Patients who smoke a lot (smoking repress the healing process in mouth and might cause to degrade of the success of the implants)
- Alcohol or drug addicts
People who have got radiotherapy applied on their head and neck area excessively
People who have chronical diseases like important immune system inadequacies, hypertension, connective tissue disorders or hemophilia
Implants can’t be applied on the people who take immunosuppressive medicine or corticosteroid
It is risky to apply implants on these patients, it can fail but depending on the cases’ degree and seriousness, it may be possible to apply implants on these risky people. Final decision belongs to the dentist by applying sistemic consultation.
It is very significant to have a panoromic x-ray or more detailed tomographic jaw x-ray before the implant treatment.
Due to the success of three-dimensional display systems in displaying the state of the jaw bones very clearly, tomographies are used to determine if the quality of the bones is good enough to apply implants on them or not and this increases the success of the operation. Implant application is simple owing to the modern day technology.
Due to the fact that surgical operations are carried with local anesthesia, during the operations patients feel no pain. Firstly, the area is numbed and then an alveole, that is not found in the bone, is designed for the implant to be placed.
After that, temporary screws are placed and these screws stay on the implants during the recovery period.
Dental implants must have a complete bonding with the jawbone in order to be able to stay healthy against the pressure caused by chewing. That time depends on the patient’s age, medical condition, and on operation’s type and area.
Some time is required for preparing the permanent dentures after the operation. When implants are prepared for newly-created bones for the patients who have bone inadequacy condition, waiting period may get longer. Later on, measurement is done and planned dentures are made.
Implant treatment can be applied at any age after bone development has been completed –which is happened about 18 years old.
There is no age limit. It is suitable for anyone who doesn’t have a disease systemically preventing him/her to have implants and who has proper bone quality.
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